Eastern Cherokee Applications (ECA’s)
On 18 May 1905, the U.S. Court of Claims decided in favor of the Eastern Cherokees and instructed the Secretary of the Interior to ascertain and identify the persons entitled to participate in the distribution of more than $1 million appropriated by Congress on 30 June 1906, for use in payment of these claims. Guion Miller was appointed as special commissioner of the Court of Claims to oversee the claims procedure.
Commonly referred to as the Guion Miller Rolls, the Eastern Cherokee applications are full of genealogical information. Individuals making the application hoped to gain financial benefits and, in order to do so, needed to be diligent in completing the required form. Frequently attorneys would assist in the process.
When the applications were turned in to the claims committee, staff members would search various Indian census rolls to determine if the claimant’s ancestor was on one of the rolls. In order to certify eligibility of the Cherokees, Guion Miller and his staff used earlier census lists and rolls that had been made of the Cherokees by Hester, Chapman, Drennen, and others between 1835 and 1884. – Family Search
This section contains copies of various individual ECA’s. You can also find larger ECA collections in the blog section by clicking here. The ECA’s are packed full of genealogical data that you can use in your research.
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